A one step enhanced extraction and encapsulation system of cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.) polyphenols and iridoids with β-cyclodextrin

Časopis: LWT

Volume 141

ISSN: 0023-6438

DOI: 10.1016/j.lwt.2021.110884

Stranice: 110884-110884

Link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2021.110884

The objective of this study was simultaneous extraction and encapsulation of cornelian cherry active principles. As an encapsulating agent, β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) was used to enhance the ultrasound-assisted extraction of cornelian cherry polyphenols and iridoids. Lyophilized cornelian cherry fruit was extracted by four different solvents: pure water, 50% aqueous ethanol (conventional system), 1.5% β-CD water solution and 1.5% β-CD aqueous ethanol solution. The highest enhancement of the extraction efficiency was observed for flavonoids and anthocyanins, especially for cyaniding 3-galactoside and pelargonidin 3-galactoside. Water-ethanolic extract was used to form inclusion complexes between β-CD and cornelian cherry bioactives in the solid form. The encapsulation efficiency of cornelian cherry polyphenols in β-CD was 65.62%. Due to the polyphenol encapsulation within β-CD, the extract showed better solubility in water, higher antioxidant power (for 40.61%), and the release of anthocyanins from the dried powder was prolonged for 50% in the first 2 h making it suitable for diverse applications in food and pharmaceutical industries.
Ključne reči: Polyphenols, Iridoids, Cornelian cherry, Ultrasound-assisted extraction, β-cyclodextrin